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A. About Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta or Jogja is a city along with doubles as the capital of the province of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta the Javanese dipulau is located directly adjacent to the Central Java province and borders the Indian Ocean. The city of Yogyakarta is often referred to also as a city of culture and students.
Yogyakarta is a city famous for its history and its cultural heritage. Yogyakarta is the kerajaanMataram (1575-1640), and until now there is a Kraton (Palace) which is still functioning in a real sense. Yogyakarta also has many thousand of years old temple which is the legacy of the great kingdoms of antiquity, of which is the temple which was built in the 9th century by the Syailendra dynasty. In addition to the cultural heritage, Yogyakarta has beautiful natural panorama and a very strong arts atmosphere inside. In terms of the culture of the province of Yogyakarta is still very thick with cultural Richness. In everyday life art and culture seemed inseparable and have become part of the life of the local community In communicating, the everyday language of instruction generally Yogyakarta using the Java language. The province of Yogyakarta is one of the central Javanese literature of language as the language of literature, literary variety parama, bausastra, dialect, as well as in the form of oral sengkala tales, japamantra, Javanese pawukon, and revised.
Its tourism places is also very impressive. No doubt many foreign tourists who stop in the middle of this exotic island. Because that’s been the younger generation should especially students to visit SMPN 3 Banjar studied to Yogyakarta. Most don’t get to know a little about the ins and outs of Yogyakarta. Because that’s what we as the younger generation highly unethical if we never visit to Yogyakarta and not know the history of Yogyakarta, as jogja has a long history in the formation of Government SO start era until now. Yogyakarta remains exceptional in the eyes of the world.
B. Purpose Of Writing
Increase knowledge, insight and broad public.
Get to know the attractions in Yogyakarta in the beautiful and well preserved in Indonesia.
Knowing the origins of the tourist attractions in Yogyakarta.
Foster a sense of love for the homeland
Borobudur is a Buddhist temple located in Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The location of the temple is approximately 100 km to the southwest of Semarang, 86 km to the West of Surakarta, and 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta. Stupa shaped Temple was founded by the Buddhists Mahayanasekitar 800 years-an Ad during the reign of the sailendra dynasty. Borobudur Temple is a temple or shrine of the Buddha in the world, is at once one of the largest Buddhist monument in the world
The monument comprises six square shape that capped three circular, on the walls are decorated with reliefs and panels 2672 there are 504 Buddha statues. the Borobudur Buddhist relief has a collection of the best and largest in the world. the largest main Stupa lies in the middle of the Crown at the same time the building, surrounded by three rows of circular 72 perforated stupas, in which there are buddha statues sitting cross-legged in the Lotus position perfect with mudra (hand stance) Dharmachakra mudra (turning the wheel of dharma).
This monument is a model of the universe and was built as a shrine to venerate Buddha simultaneously serves as a place of pilgrimage to guide the human race switched from natural carnal lust towards enlightenment and wisdom in accordance the Buddha’s teachings. the pilgrims enter through the East side of the base of the temple rituals begin with a walk around this sacred building in clockwise direction, while continuing to ascend to the next stair steps through the three levels of Buddhist Cosmology in the realm. The third level it is the Kāmadhātu (the world of desires), Rupadhatu (realm of intangibles), and Arupadhatu (the world of intangibles). These pilgrims Journeying through a series of hallways and stairs with stairways from 1460 panel relief etched on the walls and balustrades.
According to historical evidence, Borobudur was abandoned in the 14th century as the weakening influence of Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms in Java, and the influx of Islamic influence. the world is starting to recognize the existence of the building since found 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, who served as Governor General of the United Kingdom over Java. From that point Borobodur has undergone a series of rescue efforts and the reconstruction process. The largest restoration project was held in 1975 until 1982 upon the efforts of the Government of Republic of Indonesia and UNESCO, this historic site is then entered on the list of world heritage sites.
Borobudur is still used as a place of religious pilgrimage; every year Buddhists who came from all over Indonesia and abroad gathered at Borobudur to commemorate Vesak Trisuci. In the world of tourism, Borobudur is Indonesia’s single attraction most visited tourist
B. Museum Dirgantara
The AIR FORCE leadership over the idea, then forming the Central Museum of the AIR FORCE, “Dirgantara Mandala” as a place to capture and document all activities and events in the environmental AIR FORCE. The Museum was inaugurated on April 4, 1969 by Air Force Commander Admiral Roesmin Noerjadin. Originally, the museum was in the path of Tanah Abang, Jakarta. However, the museum then moved to Yogyakarta because it is considered an important place of birth of the AIR FORCE and the AIR FORCE activity center. With the consideration that the INDONESIAN AIR FORCE Museum collection “Dirgantara Mandala”, especially the air There in the form of aircraft continued to flourish until the building of the museum in Kesatrian ALSO Part of the air cannot accommodate and consideration is difficult to reach the museum visitor, then the air force Leadership decided to move the museum again.
The leadership of the air force and then pointed to the building of the former sugar factory in Wonocatur To Adisutjipto who during the occupation of Japan was used as warehouse logisitik as the Central Museum of the air force Dirgantara Mandala. On December 17, 1982, the air force Chief of staff Marshal TNI Dkummer Tjahjadi signed an inscription. This was confirmed by the letter of the command Chief of staff of the air force no. Sprin/05/IV/1984 date 11 April 1984 concerning the rehabilitation of this building to be prepared for a permanent Central air force Museum Dirgantara Mandala. In a further development on July 29, 1984, the air force Chief of staff Marshal Sukardi inaugurated the renovated building usage such as the building of the Central AIR FORCE Museum “Dirgantara Mandala” museum with an area of more or less entirely 4.2 Ha. Building area is entirely used 8765 M2
C. Museum Merapi
Merapi volcano Museum is a historical museum located in Yogyakarta precisely Jln. Cole, Village Harjobinangun, village of Bull, Pakem district, Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta about five kilometers from the area attractions in Kaliurang. Merapi volcano Museum was inaugurated on October 1, 2009 by the Minister of energy and Mineral resources (DEMR), Purnomo Yusgiantoro.
With a building area of about 4.470 standing on top of a 3.5 hectares, the museum forward will also be equipped with garden, parking area, and plasa wanted to known as Merapi’s volcanic activity report with a Museum motto Merapi Window the Earth
This can be made into Museum of volcanic activity report as a means of education, dissemination of information aspects of the volcano disaster in particular and other geological nature rekreatif-educative to the wider community with the aim to provide insights and understanding of the scientific aspects, as well as socio-cultural and other associated with volcanic activity report and other sources of geological disaster. Museum of volcanic activity report is expected to be an alternative solution as a means to a very important and potentially as the volcano information center in the intellectual life of the community, as well as the media in raising awareness and vigilance of the public about the benefits and hazards of the eruption volcanic activity report as well as other geological disasters
D. Museum Soedirman
Sasmitaloka Museum is one of the historical museum in Yogyakarta. Originally a residence located in Jendral Sudirman Bintaran Road No. 3 Yogyakarta. Jendral Sudirman was born in Bantarbarang Village, subdistrict of Rembang, Purbalingga, Banyumas Regency on January 24, 1916. Father and mother named Karsid Kartawiraji and Siyem the boy named Sudirman. His adoptive father, Raden next Cokro Sunaryo add name Raden on Sudirman’s name.
Raden Sudirman followed formal education on the Grounds of the students later continued his education in Muhammadiyah HIC Solo. Next year 1934 Raden Sudirman was active in Scouting organisations Wathon Hizbul Islam. For his achievements, he eventually became the head of the primary school Muhammadiyah in Cilacap. In addition, he also became a teacher in high school Muhammadiyah Cilacap.
Sasmitaloka showing partial-partial life history a great Sudirman. Starting from childhood in Purworejo until he died and was buried at the Taman Makam Pahlawan Semaki, Yogyakarta. The Museum has 14 rooms which are filled by a series of information arranged chronologically so that form a story and a picture at the time. The Museum is about a Sudirman in her everyday when they occupied this House. Its a lot like the cover of a book, as while the items collection is likened to the text inscribed on a page sheet should be opened one by one if you want to know.
“My children, Indonesia’s army, you are not a soldier, but the soldier Charter berideologi, who was able to fight death and attended to the notability of the land airmu. Believe and be assured, that the independence of a country that was founded on the top of the heap of ruins thousands of inhabitants of property from the people and the nation, will not be cut off by humans, anyone “(Commander General Sudirman).
String pengobar this spirit of sentence provided in the inscription Sasmitaloka Pansar Sudirman. The Museum is divided into into 4 sections namely main building (6 indoor exhibition), the North Wing (room 3 exhibition), the South Wing building, and the rear Building (room X)
The Museum is located at JL. Bintaran Wetan No. 3 Yogyakarta
E. Kraton Yogyakarta
Keraton Yogyakarta was founded by Sultan Hamengku Buwono I several months after the Treaty of Giyanti in 1755. The location of the Royal Palace reportedly is a former pesanggarahan named Garjitawati. This building used to break cortege Kings of Mataram (Kartasura and Surakarta) who will be buried at Imogiri. Another version mentions the location of the Palace is a spring of water, there is Pacethokan, which is in the middle of the forest Beringan. Before occupying the Palace, Sultan Hamengku Buwono I dwell in Pesanggrahan Amber Piece that Kecamatan now includes the Sleman Regency Limestone
Physically, the Palace of the Sultan of Yogyakarta has seven core complex, namely Siti Heightened Ler (Grand Hall), Kamandhungan Ler (North Kamandhungan), Sri Manganti Kedhaton, Kamagangan, the Kamandhungan Kidul (South Kamandhungan), and Siti Heightened Kidul (Grand Hall)
Besides Yogyakarta Palace has a variety of cultural heritage both in the form of the ceremony as well as the objects of ancient and historic. On the other hand, the Palace is also an indigenous institution complete with custom of Regent. Therefore it is not surprising if the values the philosophy similarly mythology surrounds the Palace. And to that in 1995 the complex Kraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat nominated to become one of the UNESCO World Heritage site.
F. Taman Pintar
Located in the center of Yogyakarta city, a new tourist rides for children namely Taman Pintar was built as a vehicle of expression, appreciation and creation in a pleasant atmosphere. With the motto of the intellectual and fun, children who started construction in 2003 to menumbuhkembangkan interest children and young generation to science through imagination, experiment, and the users in the framework of human resource development Indonesia. In the garden which was initiated by the Mayor of Yogyakarta, Herry Zudianto, SE. Akt, MM, and is built on land covering an area of 12000 square meters, there are six zones with various vehicle play and learn that accompanied the science props.
Smart Garden development started since May 2006 and was officially inaugurated on June 9, 2007 by Governor of Yogyakarta, Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, along with the two Minister, namely the Minister of research and technology (Minister), Kusmayanto Kadiman, p.HD. and the Minister of national education (Mendiknas), Prof. Dr. Bambang Sudibyo, MBA. This garden approach in conveying science conducted through various media with the aim of enhancing the appreciation, stimulate curiosity, awareness, baiting and creativity of children towards science and technology.
In the garden, built at a cost of us $ 53 billion, there are six zones tailored to sub-sub theme content material, among other Playground area, Western and OLD buildings of the OLD East, an ovoid Building 1st floor, Oval Building 2nd floor, Box Building 1st floor, 2nd floor Box Building and Memorabilia. Each zone has a variety of rides the flagship, among others, the playground, the little Explorers, Adventure, Titian, Titian Discovery Science, Science, Indonesiaku Bridge, advanced technology, and Popular technology. Each vehicle has a wide and a similar architecture, but in terms of the material has different characteristics. Visitors will feel the difference at once when it enters the resemblance of their respective rides of the Park.
For example, the amusement park rides in addition can be used as a waiting room and public space for visitors, can also be used as a children’s play area in order to cultivate the intelligence and skills. Kids can learn science with glee as the game disc color, water games, and wall berdendang.
In addition, on the spacecraft Discovery visitors can know Titian’s various inventions (ranging from the invention of the wheel, lamp, telephone, to electricity), the creation, the development of science and the implications for human civilization. The spacecraft has two parts: the history of science and the inventor of the world.
The other probe is learning that introduces science catwalks with the scientific method. The spacecraft has two sections for children who are interested in research, i.e. platform duga-guess which sets forth a sequence of steps in the research methods. In addition, there are also rides a smart bridge Science to introduce basic sciences such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology with an emphasis on its application in everyday life. Smart garden also like to embody one of the teachings of Ki Hajar Dewantara i.e. Niteni: understanding, Niroake: Mimic, and Nambahi: developing.
Malioboro is the name of one of the paths of the three streets in the city of Yogyakarta, which stretches from Tugu to Yogyakarta post office crossroad. Overall consists of Prince Mangkubumi Street, Malioboro Street and Jalan Jend. A. Yani. This street is the axis of Imaginary Lines of Yogyakarta Kingdom.
There are some historic destinations in the area include three ways Tugu, Tugu railway station, Gedung Agung, Beringharjo market, Vredeburg Fort and Attack the moment before 1 March.
Jalan Malioboro is very famous for its street vendors who peddle craft jogja and lesehan food stalls in the evening selling food as well as jogja, gudeg, famous as a gathering place for artists-artists are often mengekpresikan their abilities such as playing music, painting, art, pantomime hapening and others along the way.
Malioboro is the name of one of the streets in the city of Yogyakarta or Jogja. This road is very famous and became an icon of the city of Yogyakarta. Malioboro name derived from the Sanskrit meaning wreath. It is said that the road is always filled with flowers while the festivals or ceremonies.
In Malioboro Street is still very pronounced kekunoannya, as in the vicinity of the road still standing historic buildings at the time, such as the Netherlands, Tugu train station, Fort Vredeburg, monuments March One moment before Attack.
And there is also the famous i.e. market Beringharjo market. In the Malioboro area is known also with the street vendors. You can shop for a variety of local handicrafts such as batik, rattan ornament, leather puppet show, variety of handbags, shoes, sandals and hats namely Blangkon also for the typical male areas of Java. As well as metal goods such as gold, silver and more.
As evening arrived, the area was too crowded with many sellers – sellers peddling cross-legged an assortment of food. Here you can try the special food of Yogyakarta Jogja, Gudeg and pecel i.e. Yogyakarta. In addition, there are also other food such as seafood that is not less treatment. In Malioboro is also famous with a gathering place for artists that often express their abilities such as playing music, painting, pantomime and others.
With the creation of this paper we can derive the benefits which we will make provision for the future. As well as in the manufacture of this paper make us better skilled and responsible for completing the task which we have received.
And from some of the objects we’ve visited so we can conclude that the objects that have the potential and the benefits of participation in the development of the nation’s adults at the foreseeable future, especially in the field of education and culture.
Each of the constructs we visit have the characteristic of each. So that each object has the benefits and effectiveness.
The advice we give is add a visit every tourist attraction, so that students get data that is more complete and not feel rushed.
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